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As the landmark of Tibet, Potala Palace is a traditional Tibetan style palace built on the high mountain.

Tibetan Landmark – Potala Palace

Located in the west of China, Tibet is a unique region with the broad area, majestic geography, and rich natural resources. All the time, Tibet attracts thousands of travelers around the world for its charming natural scenery and bright cultural relics. Have you ever traveled to Tibet? When mentioned Tibet, where do you want to go? For me, the first place I will visit is the Tibetan landmark – Potala Palace, which is located in the high Red Mountain.

As the landmark of Tibet, Potala Palace is a traditional Tibetan style palace built on the high mountain. This splendid palace plays an important role in Tibet and it is regarded as the representative of Tibetan ancient building. Because of its unique style, the image of the Potala Palace was used as the background of RMB. As the highest construction in Lhasa city, the Potala Palace is so attractive with white and red walls, and golden roof shining in the sunshine. If you are a fresh traveler in Tibet, you must be stunned by the splendid palace. However, some questions about Potala Palace are asked by numerous travelers – Why was the Potala Palace built on the high Red Mountain? Is it more convenient for travelers if it was built on the plain area? Is it more difficult for architects to build? Today, I will take you to find the answers.

In fact, there are numerous Tibetan palaces built on the high mountains. With the verity of the landscape, the buildings present different shapes. In most areas, people always build the houses by leveling the mountains down. While in Tibet, the theory of building a house should abide by Nature and Man in One. Just building the architectures based on the fixed mountains, harmony and unity. There are many famous attractions built on the high mountains, such as Yungbulakang Palace, Guge Kingdom Ruins, Zizhu Temple, and so on.

Formerly, the reason why Tibetan holy buildings were built on the high mountains is that Tibetans are deeply influenced by the powerful religion. At present, Tibetan Buddhism plays an important role in Tibet, and it has a great influence in Tibet, even in the world. A lot of pilgrims from different countries head to Tibet because they regard Tibet as the holiest place in the world. Most of them get to some sacred places to do pray, such as Mt Kailash, Potala Palace, Lake Manasarovar, Jokhang Temple, etc. You may know much about the modern Tibetan religion, but how about the source of Tibetan religion? Actually, Zhangzhung Culture is the origin of the Tibetan religion, and it shapes the current Tibet. From produce to life, and traditional custom to belief, Zhangzhung Culture is reflected here and there. Some holy religious activities such as kora, sacrifice, etc all relate to the ancient Zhangzhung Culture. And Bon religion is the core of this culture.

According to the Bon religion, the world was divided into three parts, heaven, earth, and hell. They regarded that Gods and Goats are the dominators of the world. This theory lasted a long period in Tibet and was convinced by lots of Tibetans. It was said that the high mountain was the pass to the heaven. Therefore, they would build the holy architectures on high mountains.

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